Association between socioeconomic variables and Indices of Awareness, health and capacity building among female adolescents and young women in India
Keywords:adolescents, young, women, contraception, awareness, capacity, health
In the light of contraceptive information and services as an important part of adolescent reproductive health, this study envisions the indices of awareness, health and capacity building among currently married females of age 15-24 in order to understand their sexual and reproductive empowerment. The data used in this paper has been extracted from the fourth round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS), conducted in 2015-16. In the analysis, currently married females of age 15-24 have been taken with a sample size of 94,034. Three indices of Awareness, health and capacity building have been constructed through Principle Component Analysis. Bivariate statistics along with Binary Logistic Regression have been used to depict the association between socio-demographic factors and Indices of awareness, health and capacity building among female adolescents in India. Almost 44 per cent of the females came up as having low awareness, 48.28 per cent as having low health and 90.55 per cent as having low capacity building. Age, illiteracy, rural residence and no exposure to media were positively associated with low indices of awareness, health and capacity building among female adolescents. Moreover, women from the western and north-eastern regions were having low indices of awareness, health and capacity building. The low indices of awareness, health and capacity building suggest that there’s a lot that the public health providers have to do. In terms of enhancing the awareness of young women, it is important that women should know about the contraceptives as well as family planning thoroughly.